How to Embed Literacy Skills in Historical Thinking

» 09 September 2015 » In Events, History / DBQ's, How To, Literacy, PD » No Comments

The_Magdalen_Reading_-_Rogier_van_der_WeydenSoon I'll be giving workshops demonstrating how to integrate literacy skills for close reading with historical thinking skills. Here's a preview.

What do we mean by historical thinking?  It's the historian's version of critical thinking: 

  • Examine and analyze primary sources - who created it, when, for what purpose?
  • Understand historical context. Compare multiple accounts and perspectives.
  • Take a position and defend it with evidence.

What do we mean by close reading? Teachers can guide students with scaffolding questions that explore "texts" (in all their forms).

  • Key Ideas and Details:
 What does the text say? Identify the key ideas. What claims does the author make? What evidence does the author use to support those claims?
  • Craft and Structure:
 Who created the document? What's their point of view / purpose? How did the text say it? How does it reflect its historic time period?
  • Integration of Knowledge and ideas: 
Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text. Recognize disparities between multiple accounts. Compare text to other media / genres. How does it connect to what we’re learning? 
And what's it mean to me? 

Let's look at how a close reading of historical sources for craft and structure can integrate with the historical skill of sourcing  - who created it, when, for what purpose?

Here's a great illustration of historical sourcing from Stanford History Education Group's Beyond the Bubble.

And here's an exercise I used with teachers at a workshop this past summer. Here's the instructions they were given:

  1. Create and post a source comparison. Be sure to include: Historical question and two sample sources. 
  2. Once other workshop members have posted their source comparison questions, use their content to answer the question: “Which do you trust more? Why?”
  3. Feel free to add multiple answers to the same question and / or comment on each others question / or answer. It’s a dialogue.

Here's a Google doc with my prompts and teacher responses. 

Image Source: Rogier van der Weyden, Detail from The Magdalen Reading, c. 1435–1438. National Gallery, London

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PD Should Model What You Want To See in the Classroom

» 05 August 2015 » In Ed Tech, History / DBQ's, How To, PD, Projects, Publishing, Teachers » 1 Comment

Student-as-historian-featured

Here’s how a Library of Congress-funded PD session incorporated flipped/ blended learning, PBL, collaborative Google tools. Free iBook and PDF for download with all course content and showcase iBook “The Student As Historian ~ Teaching with Primary Sources from the Library of Congress”

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How to Find Primary Source Documents

» 09 June 2015 » In Events, History / DBQ's, How To, PD » No Comments

Main-Reading-Room-featured

Finding online documents can a challenge, so I put together a 12-min video of three search strategies that I find effective – locating curated content, using the native LOC search tools and using a search operator. [site:loc.gov]

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Teaching and Learning in a Digital World

» 31 March 2015 » In Ed Tech, Events, History / DBQ's, PD, Presentations » No Comments

Featured--Pappas-keynote-Ed-Tech-Summit

I’m pleased to be the keynote speaker at the Southern Oregon Ed Tech Summit 2015 in Ashland Oregon (April 17, 2015). Here’s a preview of my keynote and two breakout sessions.

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