Little Rock Nine: Evaluating Historical Sources

» 09 January 2015 » In Ed Tech, Guest post, History / DBQ's, Publishing » No Comments

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My Social Studies Methods class at the University of Portland recently published a free multi-touch iBook - Exploring History: Vol II. It features ten engaging questions and historic documents that empower students to be the historian in the classroom. For more info on our project and free download of multi-touch iBook version click here.

To better publicize student work, I’m featuring each chapter in it’s own blog post. More in series here.

Your task is to examine the context of these documents and decide which are most helpful to your understanding of the conflict.

Little Rock Nine: Evaluating Historical Sources by Christy Thomas Download as pdf (8.7MB)

This chapter examines the historic setting of the Little Rock Nine though a variety of documents. They include news photographs of the events, governor's proclamation, historic essays, Presidential speech, TV news reports and video reflections by participants. Your task is to examine the context of these documents and decide which are most helpful to your understanding of the conflict.

  • What do you see as the roots of the conflict?
  • What motivated the different players involved?
  • Which documents do you learn the most from?

 
Reflection by Christy Thomas:

As I approached the DBQ assignment, I decided to use images and texts from a literacy class assignment I had just completed. At first, I thought I had a head start, since I had a collection already curated, but as I continued with the assignment I realized I had started in the wrong place. While it was nice to have images and text, I should have started with the essential question AND what I wanted students to experience as they worked through the DBQ.

Working backwards, one of the challenges is finding the essential question that ties everything together. My previous assignment was over a broad topic – the Civil Rights Movement – which I’ve realized is much too broad for a DBQ exercise. Finding the right essential question was key to finding a way to connect the materials together.

The next step was to really think about what I wanted my students to learn as they worked through the DBQ. My first set of materials were loosely related, but would require students to take some large leaps to find the connections. Even with scaffolding questions, it seemed like a stretch. Once I had an essential question identified, then I could focus on the historical thinking skills I wanted students to experience as they worked through the DBQ.

This experience reminds me that the only way to get better at something new is to continue to practice. I have a much better sense of how to organize my thoughts around creating a DBQ and look forward to adding this learning experience to my curriculum development skills.
~ Christy Thomas AboutMe
 

Image Source: Soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division escort African-American students to Central High School in Little Rock in Sept. 1957, after the governor of Arkansas tried to enforce segregation. Photo courtesy National Archives. Operation Arkansas

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WWI and Chemical Warfare: Shaping World Opinion

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Students examine images, text and ephemera from WWI to develop an answer to the question: How did the experience of WWI shape international opinion of chemical weapons?

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Letters From Egypt: Anzacs Train for Gallipoli

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Students explore the attitudes of the Anzacs towards the local population of Egypt where they trained prior to the landing at Gallipoli. Race hate is a reoccurring theme in wars and this DBQ gives students another avenue in which to explore it.

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The Pig War: Constructing Historic Narrative

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Here’s a chapter from my latest student-designed iBook “Exploring History: Vol II.” The Pig War by Andy Saxton – s tudents are given historic documents related to the US / British Border Dispute of 1859 (the Pig War) and asked to reconstruct a historic narrative.

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The American Revolution: Historic Thinking DBQ

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Here’s a chapter from my latest student-designed iBook “Exploring History: Vol II.” The American Revolution by Scott Deal explores the motivations that drove colonial action.

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Exploring History in 10 Interactive Lessons

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Ten engaging questions and historic documents empower students to be the historian in the classroom. Free at iTunes and as downloadable PDF.

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Segregated America’s TripAdvisor

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Explore the “Negro Travelers’ Green Book,” a guide for Black American travelers in Jim Crow America. It includes two archival editions (1949 and 1956), a documentary video, and an interactive Google map of “Negro-friendly” establishments across America in 1956.

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Teaching Politics, Controversy, Engagement – #sschat 11/3/14

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Join my EdMethods as the co-hosts of Twitter #sschat on Monday November 3, 2014 from 7-8 PM (eastern). That night is election eve ’14 and our topic will be very timely – “Teaching Politics, Controversy and Civic Engagement.”

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America Divided: Teaching Media Literacy and Political Polarization

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Survey tools and interactive data visualization for teaching media literacy and political polarization in America. Based on research by Pew Research Center.

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If A Pig Wore A Wig And Other Tales of School Reform

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In “The Plot Against Public Education: How millionaires and billionaires are ruining our schools” Bob Herbert details the failed hit-or-miss reforms driven by corporate America’s assault on public education. Smaller schools, charters, on-line schools, and big testing have yet to deliver significant improvements in student performance. Why should a small group of America’s richest individuals, families, and foundations be allowed to exercise such overwhelming—and often such toxic—influence over the ways in which public school students are taught?

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